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January 9, 2013
The History ChanneL Documentary
The battle of Thermopylae was the first between the Persians and Greeks during the Persian invasion of 480-479 BC. The Greek force was very small but was determined to make a stand against the huge Persian army.
Sparta would lead the Greek army, as her reputation in war was unmatched by any other Greek state.
The Greeks had chosen to defend a narrow pass, or gap, between the mountains of central Greece and the sea, called Thermopylae. This pass was part of the route into Greece from the north. Here the Greek force now waited, made up of only 300 Spartans under their king, Leonidas, and about 6,000 soldiers from other Greek cities. They faced a Persian army of perhaps 100,000 men.
Battle of Thermopylae - Last stand of the 300 Spartans