|Date||March 2, 1969 - September 11, 1971|
|Location||Soviet Union, Mongolia and China.|
Soviet Union Mongolia East Turkestan
The First Sino-Soviet War was fought mainly between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the People's Republic of China at the height of both the Cold War and the Sino-Soviet Split.
Early Tensions and Eruption
The deteriorating relations between China and the Soviet Union created tension on the border between the two nations. On March 2, 1969, a group of PLA soldiers ambushed Soviet border guards on Zhenbao Island. The Soviets immediately retaliated, and both sides saw each other's actions as an act of war, and so begun the First Sino-Soviet War.
China was defeated in the war. Mao Zedong was captured trying to flee Beijing when the Soviet Army surrounded the city. He was executed by firing squad on September 12, 1971, with Liu Shaoqi succeeding him. Liu Shaoqi began to dismantle Mao's personality cult. Liu Shaoqi was becoming more and more unpopular with the people due to his denunciation of Mao's legacy, paving the way for the Gang of Four coup in 1974.