Italy at its greatest extent.
|Population||56,000,000 (1986 Census)|
|Government||Federal Socialist Republic|
|Establishment||March 17, 1861 (Unification) October 29, 1922 (RSI)|
Italy, officially the "Italian People's Republic", ("Repubblica Popolare Italiana" in Italian), is the
In 1861, Italy unifies under Garibaldi as the Federal Republic of Italy. Emigration is temporarily outlawed in an attempt to prevent mass Exodus and Diaspora. Unlike the Monarchists, Garibaldi doesn't waste his time and resources on useless colonial ambitions, but instead focuses more on a "Greater Italy". A constitution is created based off the American constitution, calling for Limited government and guaranteed rights. The various former italian States recently conquered as formed into Provinces with their own governments. Decentralization is policy of the new government in an attempt to make an easy transition to a truly unified country. provincial governments are given a lot of authority and jurisdiction to govern their own affairs.
Nice and Savoy are reclaimed, followed by the securing of Lombardy and Venetia from the Austrians in later wars of Independence. Lazio and Rome are eventually annexed from the rump Papal States, moving the capital to Rome.
Italy sends an ultimatum to Switzerland to surrender Ticino, Valais, and any italian speaking areas. They are incorporated into the new state, but Italy compensates the Swiss by formally "Purshasing" said territories.
Adfter the British Handover of the Ionian Islands to Greece, Italy sends similar ultimatum to the fledling Greek State demanding the islands. In Return, Italy guarantees Greek independence against Ottomans and provides material and logistic support to Greece in later Balkan conflicts. This is intensly unpopular with Britain but they don't risk wa
The new Italian language begins to replace the regional dialects with heavy encouragement from the central government. New Standard Italian is designed to be easy to learn and encompasses elements from all the different dialects.
The Italians have a strong Italian national identity when regionalism begins to take a back seat. They start to see themselves as "Italian" rather than "Neapolitan" or "Milanese".
World War I
During World War I, Italy plays both sides during most of the war, making money off the import/export game.
In 1917, they offer to "Buy" Corsica and Malta from Britain and France respectively in exchange for joining the Allies and recognition of Italian claims over Trentino, Istria and Dalmatia.
The Italians preform remarkably well, gains are huge and losses are minimal. All Italian claims are secured, and the Dalmatians are expelled due to them attacking the Italian troops. Following the war, Italy secures recognition for its acquired territories.
After the acquisition of all "Italia Irredenta", it declares itself a Neutral State.
March on Rome and Tensions
In 1922, Benito Mussolini takes power, proclaiming the Italian People's Republic, with Mussolini taking the place as "Il Duce". he strengthens ties with the Soviet Union,