Нихон йинмин кыоwакоку
|Government||Unitary one-party socialist republic (until 1990)|
Unitary parliamentary republic (1990-2036)
|Historical era||Cold War & Modern Era|
|-||Established||1 January 1948|
|-||Disestablished||31 January 2036|
The People's Republic of Japan, also known as North Japan was a nation in East Asia from 1948 until 2036.
North Japan was divided into three regions, which were further divided into provinces (except in the case of Musashi which was both a region and a province), mostly based off the old provinces of pre-Meiji Japan. After unification with South Japan in 2036, the administrative divisions were abolished and replaced with prefectures.
A list of regions and provinces as follows (with successors in parentheses):
- Hokkaidō (entire region succeeded as a prefecture)
- Musashi (Tokyo Metropolis)
Until 1990, the government was ruled by a single party, the Japanese Communist Party. During the Tetsuzo Fuwa administration in 1989, major reforms were enacted turning the government into a parliamentary democracy and the first official elections, which took place the following year.
Also since the 1990s, the government worked towards normalising relations with its Southern counterpart. Free travel between the two was fully set up by the early 2000s, with both sides officially abolishing all passport and border control between the two nations. Talks of reunification begun in the 2020s, with the government setting up policies towards a gradual process and the slow abolishment of remaining state owned enterprises, shifting over most control to the private companies to its south.
The railways and buses were controlled by the state-owned North Japanese National Railways. During the reforms in the 1990s, new subsidiaries were established (Hokkaidō Railways, Tōhoku Railways) focusing more towards regional control along with partial privatisation. Also since the normalisation of relations with South Japan post-1990, the National Railways worked together with the recently privatised Japan Railways Group to its south, allowing for linkage and travel between the two countries. During the slow abolishment of state owned enterprises from the 2020s, JR East took over Tōhoku Railways and its areas of operation in 2030, and in 2031 Hokkaidō Railways was fully privatised and reformed into JR Hokkaidō.