In 2035 the United Arab Emirates collapsed as a result of sanctions imposed by Saudi Arabia as a result of American trade wars. This leads to anarchy and millions of people starve to death. The worst humanitarian crisis in the Middle East since the Syrian Civil War in the early 21st century. By 2045 the monarchy had been overthrown and executed. This led to the formation of the Republic of Dubai on October 17, 2045. The country became the Democratic Republic quickly became a religious oligarchy that made homosexuality punishable by death. Women also lost the right to vote and most Saudi Arabian people were executed. This country also provided arms for the Confederacy of the American states and the second American Civil War. Following the formation of the American Parliament, the US government began to accept refugees from his Republican. The country eventually made homosexuality legal 2105 and by the 23rd century, the Republic of Dubai was a much more liberal place that protected the rights of minorities. The country also elected the first gay prime minister in 2386 a first for the Middle East.